Helpful Bike Size Charts - MUST READ Before Buying a Bike (2023)

When you are new to cycling the first question you ask yourself is“What size bike do I need?”.It isnot a complexquestion,butit isone that can cause a lot of fear and sleepless nights!There seem to be a million bike frame sizes. There is a lot of advice,so wehave decided to bring it all here for you in a simple format with a handybike size chartto help guide you.

Our easy-to-read size chart will show you thebike size optionsfor your height. We will then give you a rundown on a few simple tips to help ease your mind about bike frame size. Finally, we will break down some myths andgive you real informationso you can go into any shop and know what you are being told is true—not just a sales pitch.

Page Contents

Bike Frame Size Chart – Check the Bike Size in an Easy Way

The simplest way to find out if a bike isthe correct size for you is to look at our handybike frame sizecharts. We have broken these down intothe various types of bike available.

Helpful Bike Size Charts - MUST READ Before Buying a Bike (1)

Mountain Bike Size Chart

Mountain bike sizing can be affected by suspension and your tire choices. So, make sure you look at a tire size chart and try a full-suspension mountain bike for size before buying. For standard hardtails,our mountain bike size chart should be a god send.

(Video) What You Need To Know Before Buying A Bike | Bicycle Geometry Explained | Cycling Weekly

Your heightYour leg inseamSuggested frame size
4`10”-5`1”148-158 cm24-29”61-73 cm14″XS
5`1″-5`5″158-168 cm25-30”63-76 cm15” / 16″S
5`5″-5`9″168-178 cm26-31”66-78 cm16” / 17″M
5`9″-6`0″178-185 cm27-32”68-81 cm17″ / 18″L
6`0″-6`3″185-193 cm28-33”71-83 cm18″ / 19″XL
6`1″+193 cm+29”+73 cm+20”+XXL+

Not sure which mountain bike to buy? Check out our mountain bike reviews.

Hybrid Bike Size Chart

A hybrid is your fastest way aroundtownand you’ll find their sizes sit in-between road bike and mountain bike sizing. We have set this hybrid bike size chart in inches as it is the most common way to buy hybrid bikes, some fast models will be measured incentimeterslike road bikes.

Your heightYour leg inseamSuggested frame size
4`10”-5`1”147-155 cm24-29”61-73 cm14″XS
5`1″-5`5″155-165 cm25-30”63-76 cm15”S
5`5″-5`9″165-175 cm26-31”66-78 cm16”M
5`9″-6`0″175-183 cm27-32”68-81 cm17″L
6`0″-6`3″183-191 cm28-33”71-83 cm18″XL
6`1″+191cm +29”+73 cm+19″XXL+

Not sure which hybrid bike to buy? Check out our hybrid bike reviews.

Road Bike Size Chart

Our road bike size chart will work like a very simple road bike size calculator. Make sure your bicycle sizing is spot-onwith this chart. Youno longerneed to wonder:“Whatsizebike should I buy?”

Your heightYour leg inseamSuggested frame size
4`10”-5`1”148-152 cm24-29”61-73 cm47-48 cmXXS
5`1″-5`5″152-160 cm25-30”63-76 cm49-50 cmXS
5`5″-5`9″160-168 cm26-31”66-78 cm51-54cmS
5`9″-6`0″168-175 cm27-32”68-81 cm54-56cmM
6`0″-6`3″175-183 cm28-33”71-83 cm58-60cmL
6`1″+183-191 cm29”+73 cm+62cm+XL+

Not sure which road bike to buy? Check out our road bike reviews.

BMX Bike Size Chart

If you want to get rad downatthe skatepark or race track,this is a quick guide to getting the correct BMX size. BMX,unlike other bike sizes,can be changed by preference. The sizewill not biomechanicallyimpedeon you.

Your HeightSuggested Race BMX SizeSuggested Park BMX Size


<132 cmMicro16”Wheel
4’2″ – 4’10”127 – 148 cmMini18” Wheel
4’6″ – 5’1″137 – 155 cmJunior20” Wheel18 -19.5”toptube
5’0″ – 5’4″152–163 cmExpert20” Wheel19.5- 20.25”toptube
5’2″ – 5’6″157–168 cmExpert XL20” Wheel20.25–20.5”toptube
5’3″ – 5’8″160 – 173 cmPro20” Wheel20.5 – 20.75”toptube
5’7″ – 6’0″170 – 183 cmPro XL20” Wheel20.75 – 21”toptube
6’+183 cm+Pro XXL20” Wheel21”+toptube

What you will see in these charts is that adult bikes are generally measured by their bicycle frame size. Wheel size is a very important metric if you are a childbecauseyou need to be able to stand over your bike if you want to ride it,and wheels that are too big won’t let you do that.

Does Wheel Size Affect Sizing?Is a Bike Wheel Size Chart Needed?

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On road bikes and hybrids, no, as these bikes will all have a similarly sized wheel. However, on a mountain bike, the answer is yes. Mountains bikes now come in three different wheel sizes. You can find them with 26” wheels, 27.5” wheels, or 29” wheels. If all threehave a15” frame, there will be a height difference between them due to their wheel size. Bike frames are measured from the middle of their bottom bracket to the end of their seat tube. Your wheel axle height sets your bottom bracket height.

(Video) How to Choose The Correct Bike Size

If we take the 26” wheel as the base height, the axle height for a 27.5” wheel will be 0.75” higher. If we then look at the 29” wheel, its axle will be 1.5” higher. This is because the axle sits in the middle of your wheel.We then divide the difference in wheel height by half to getinformation onhow much higher the axle sits.

A15” frame will be 15.75” on a 27.5” or 16.5” on a 29”. Some manufacturers have worked on the mathematics and geometry to keep the differences closer than this. Others havenot.Thegood news is, we have the option of knowing stack and reach,andthis will tell us how close the fit is for you. We have more on stack and reach below.

A Separate Women’s Bike Size Chart isNot Needed

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You might not believe it, but the charts above also work for women.They are all the perfect women’s bike sizes. We have been fed so many tales about how women need specific bikes and kits. We have all heard the stories of women having a smaller torso than men,therefore needing smaller top tubes.

If you take a woman and a man of the same height, the man will have longer legs, and the women will have a longer torso. Themythis purely anecdotal and is not helped by high heels and the cut of women’s trousers. It is a prevalent myth,and one that needs to die. There are references below if you want to know more.

The secret to a women’s fit is a women’s specific saddle. There is a caveat to this though:10% of women have a pelvis shaped like a man’spelvis. What women need is a bike that fits,sodon’t be taken in by the“shrink it and pink it”marketing. Trek, for instance, hassizing charts that don’t change due to gender, but they do pink bikes with a women’s specific saddle.

The bicycle size charts are not the end of the story.You can further dial your bike fit and size needed by knowing how to calculate your bike’s saddle height. Your saddle height is the most important contact point that you have with your bike.

Kid’s Bike Sizing Can Be Done in Various Ways

Getting the right sized bike for your child does not need to be a complicated process. We think this topic needs its own post so we wrote this kids bike size chart article that covers all aspects.

How to Measure Your InseamLength

Measuring your inseam is pretty easy,andit is the first step in how to measure yourself for a bike. You will need four things:a hardback book, a tape measurer, a friend, and yourself.

(Video) 10 Clues You Bought The Wrong Size Bike!

  1. Find a nice wall.
  2. Stand with your back against the wall, as flat as possible and with no shoes or socks.
  3. Place your feet shoulder width apart
  4. Take your book and runit up to the top of your inner legs.
  5. Get your friend to measure from the top of the book to the floor.
  6. You have your inseam length,andit will more than likely not be the same as your trouser leg measurement.

These steps will not only allow you to calculate your frame size, they will also allow you to measure your saddle height.The Greg LeMond method has been shown to be pretty accurate here. What you do is take your inseam measurement in centimeters and multiply it by 0.833.

You then take this measurement and go up your bike’s seat tube with your tape. Once you have reached the magic number, this is where the top of your saddle should be. The number for your saddle height is one of the most critical metrics for bike sizing and fit.

You can then use your inseam to calculate frame size by using some sums, or you can use one of the various online bike fit calculators. If you want to know the sums then to find your road bike frame size, take your inseam length in centimeters and multiply it by 0.70. For a hybrid bike,take your inseam and multiply it by 0.69. For mountain bikes,take the same measurement and multiply 0.6, you will then need to change the centimeters into inches.

The calculation here will give you your bike’s frame size. Bike frame sizes are measured in the same way for all styles of bicycle. To measure your bike’s frame size,take a measuring tape and place the tape in the center bolt of your bike’s cranks. If it is just the frame, this will be the center point in the bottom bracket shell.

Now run the measuring tape up your seat tube. When you reach the end of the seat tube, you have your frame size. It isfairly simple.

Bike Fit Calculators

When searching online for advice about bike sizing, you will come acrossbike fit calculators. The simplest bike size calculators will use your height and inseam length. The frame size they give you will then just be taken from the bike size charts we have posted above.

The more complicated versions of this calculator will ask a lot of questions, including such questions as “what is your arm length?” To measure your arm length, you will need your friend and tape measure again.

  1. Stand straight, with one arm out to your side level with your shoulder.
  2. Clench your fist.
  3. Get your friend to measure from the start ofyour collarbone to the middle of your clenched fist.

The measurement you have just taken will be your reach. You will see many manufacturers now quote their bike’s size in stack and reach. Some will even have stack and reach on their bikes instead of frame size stickers.

(Video) 5 Things To Know BEFORE Buying A Bike

Stack and reachisa great toolthat can tell you how a bicyclewillfit. It enables you to escape the limitations of just using a single number for sizing purposes. It means you can tell the difference between one manufacturer’s “Medium” and another manufacturer’s “Medium.”

Your stack is the distance from thecenterpoint of your bottom bracket to thecenterpoint at the top of your bike frame’s headtube. Your reach is the horizontal version of this distance. It is a much more technical bike sizing method, but it is slowly becoming the preferred method, especially amongst higher end bikes.

Stack and reachisthe perfect number for how to determine bike size.

What toDoIfYouGot Your Bike Fit Wrong

As a rule, if you sit between two sizes on a road or hybrid bike, go smaller.Fora mountain bike,go larger. That will make any future part changes easier.

Your bike comes made from many parts, andall ofthese parts can be changed to make a bike fit you better. One of the key ways to know if you have a problem is to listen to your body.

There is an old cycling rule that knee pain at the back of your leg means your saddle is too high. If you are having pain in the front of your knee, then your saddle is too low. You will find that road cyclists generally have their seat too high. As with all rules,remember that these are just guidesand not gospel.

When you are setting your saddle height always remember that you can change seat posts. Some seat posts supplied may be too small, and some may be too long.

If your seat post is too short, it is a trip to a bike shop to sort the issue. If your seat post is too long, all you need to do is hack off a bit.Wear a mask if you’re cutting carbon fiber.

(Video) Five Types of Bikes: Which Should I Choose?

If you feel the reach is too much or too cramped to your handlebars, then you can move your saddle forward or backward. Look at your saddle rails,astheywill have maximum lines for movement. Going beyond these lines will likely cause your saddle to snap.

If you need to go beyond these lines, it might be worth changing your stem. You can change your stem to either a longer or a shorter stem. There will be an effect on the way your bike handles,though. A shorter stem will make your bike feel twitchier, and a longer stem will make your bike feel more lethargic.


  1. Data Personalized. – RETÜL
  2. Saddle Height – Véloptimum


1. 10 Clues You Bought The Wrong Sized Bike! | MTB Sizing Guide
(GMBN Tech)
2. How to Size a Bicycle Chain
(Park Tool)
3. How To Choose The Right Size Mountain Bike | Frame Geometry Explained
(GMBN Tech)
4. WHAT IS THE RIGHT SIZE MOUNTAIN BIKE FOR ME? Two bikes identical in every way but size.
(Joy of Bike with Alex Bogusky)
5. How To Choose The Correct Size Of Road Bike Frame
(Global Cycling Network)
6. GCN's Guide To Buying Your First Road Bike
(Global Cycling Network)
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